101 Sentence Basics (English)

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Understanding Sentence Structure

A Sentence is an Independent Clause; for example, "I am Papoose." A sentence must begin with a capital letter, with few exceptions and must end with some form of punctuation; typically, a period.
An Independent Clause is comprised of a subject ("I") and a predicate ("Am Papoose"). An independent clause can stand alone as a full sentence.
A Dependent Clause is only a predicate, which includes the verb. Dependent clauses are sentences without subjects.
A verb is the action word of a sentence, such as write or run or swim. Gerund verbs are exceptions to this guideline.
A Dependent Clause is always connected to an Independent Clause because a dependent clause is missing a subject and therefore cannot stand alone.
The Subject and Predicate are the two parts of every sentence. That is to say, a sentence must contain both a subject and a predicate; no exceptions. If a clause is missing a subject, it is dependent. If a subject is missing a predicate, then it's just a word or phrase.